Updated: May 3, 2018
My first time propagating my succulent I was terrified that I killed it. But have no fear, everything went well! So, if you're hesitating on cutting up your succulent, just go for it! In this week's post I'm going to give you some tips to successfully propagate. But first, here are some things you'll need:
-Cactus soil or any soil good for draining
-Wide, shallow pot
-Growth hormone (I like to use RootBoost)
-Extra small plastic pots
Propagation is great if your succulent is getting too long or struggling to care for all of it's leaves and stems. My succulent was getting so long that it couldn't support it's own weight so the stem was starting to break! If yours is doing that then it's time to cut the stem. Let's begin!
We will begin by pulling the leaves off the lower end of the stem. To do this, lightly tug left and right so that the entire leaf comes off. If the leaf is torn then it is no good. These leaves will later create new succulents so place them on a plate and let the ends (that were connected to the stem) dry out for a few days. This is a very crucial step! If you don't allow the ends to dry then the wet soil will cause the leaves to rot. I like to place mine by the window but not directly in the sun.
Then, cut the stem about half an inch from the soil with sheer cutters. We will also let the end of that stem with the leaves dry out before putting it in soil. You can just leave the end of the plant that's currently in soil to dry because it will create more succulents in a few weeks!
3-5 DAYS LATER
Now that the leaves are dried, we can place them on soil in a wide, shallow pot. Before doing so, I like to dip the dry end in RootBoost but this is optional. I have never tried it without the growth hormone but I know people who successfully do it without the hormone. It's better to lay the leaf down with the curved sides facing down in the soil. This is because when the roots grow, they will go that direction. If the leaf faces the other direction then the roots will grow upward. Using a spray bottle, sprits water onto the soil. I like to spray water every morning, or at least when I notice the soil is dry.
Eventually you'll start to notice little succulents and roots growing! Keep in mind that it's not guaranteed that every leaf will grow a succulent or roots. A couple of my leaves didn't grow anything and one grew the succulent but no roots. Note that every leaf takes a different amount of time to grow a succulent. Just be patient and keep watering!
When the roots have grown a substantial length and the leaf is starting to wither you can place it in it's own pot! Just be sure to keep watering it once a day until the leaf has fully withered away. I like to pot the succulent with the leaf rather than cutting the leaf off. It's more safe to just let the leaf fall off instead of accidentally cutting the roots!
Now back to the cut stems! It could take anywhere between a few days to a week or two for the stem to dry up. You can tell when it's fully dry if the stem is shriveled up and a lighter green. When it's ready you can dip the end in RootBoost and put it in soil or water! If you place it in soil, make sure to consistently water it when the soil is dry. It will take a few weeks for roots to start growing so don't be alarmed if they still aren't growing. If some of the leaves fall off, don't worry! It's completely normal and will stop as soon as the roots grow. If you place it in water, only have the tip of the stem in the water. I have found this to be the most effective way for growing roots.
And that's it! It may seem a little daunting at first but have confidence in your little succulents. Eventually you will have a whole house full of them :)
I hope this helped! If you have any questions about the process, feel free to contact me!